By Kathleen Colduvell RN, BSN, BA, CBC
With more and more nurses wanting to travel the country and still work in a profession they love, travel nursing has become increasingly popular. It offers guaranteed shifts at a higher pay while exploring a new city as often as one wants, generally 13-weeks at a time.
Part One How to Become a Travel Nurse
As with any nursing career, students must first complete and receive either an Associate’s Degree in Nursing or Bachelor of Science in Nursing from an accredited university.
After passing the NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination) exam, individuals must become licensed in their state of practice. The NCLEX is a nationwide examination for the licensing of nurses in the United States and Canada. This schooling may take 2-4 years depending on the length of the program.
The most important element to becoming a travel nurse is experience. Most travel agencies and hospitals require nurses to have a minimum of two years of nursing experience prior to applying for travel nursing contracts. Ideally, nurses should have the following characteristics before pursuing travel nursing,
- Strong clinical background
- Leadership skills
- Expertise in their field
- Solid communication skills
- Problem solver
Because travel nurses have the ability to move from state to state every few weeks it is important to investigate license requirements in each state. Some licenses can take days or months to obtain while others may require an in-person appearance. There are a handful of states that are considered “walk-through” states which means that a nurse can obtain a temporary nursing license from the board in one day. The licenses are good for 30 days to 6 months depending on the state. These types of licenses are used mostly for “strike” work and crisis contracts.
Part Two What is the Salary for a Travel Nurse?
The salary for a travel nurse varies the most amongst all of the nursing professions. Travel nurses make on average between $1,300 to $2700 per week. However, it is not unheard of to make over $3,000 per week as a travel nurse. Average annual salary ranges from $44,727 to $106,985.
The pay varies based on the state, the travel staffing agency used, and the department the nurse works in. Nurses with experience in a specialized area such as Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Operating Room, Cardiac Cath Lab, and Cardiac Intensive Care Unit will earn higher wages than Medical Surgical travel nurses.
Wages for travel nurses involves more than a straight hourly rate. Travel nurses can receive non-taxed stipends for housing and living expenses. Stipends are paid on top of the nurse’s hourly rate. Other benefits for travel nurses, depending on staffing agency, include,
- Medical, dental, vision insurance
- 401K investment options
- Sign-on, completion, and referral bonuses
- Free continuing education courses
- License Reimbursement
- Weekly/Bi-weekly Pay
- Tax Advantage Plan
- Life Insurance
- Liability Insurance, Disability Insurance, and Worker’s Compensation
- 24/7 Support
Part Three What Are The Best Travel Nursing Agencies?
There are several websites online that list and rank travel nursing agencies. However, any experienced travel nurse will tell you that the Recruiter is far more valuable than the travel nursing agency. Why? Travel nurse recruiters are the person between the travel nurse and their job. A great travel nurse recruiter will work hard to make sure you are paid your worth, they will be experienced and honest with you.
Part Four Be wary of any travel nurse recruiter who…
- Pressures you into being submitted to assignments that you do not want.
- Submits you to assignments without your permission.
- Does not show you the full pay package before submitting you to a job.
- Makes verbal promises and does not back them up in your written contract.
- Becomes defensive when you work with other recruiters or agencies.
- Does not return communication within 24 hours.
We encourage you to work with travel nurse recruiters who have been vetted and highly recommended by fellow travel nurses.
Part Five Certifications for Travel Nurses
While there is no specific national nursing certifications for a Travel Nurse, having advanced RN certifications can make an individual look more desirable to hospitals. There are a plethora of nationally recognized certifications including,
- CCCTM - Certified in Care, Coordination, and Transition Management
- CDN - Certified Dialysis Nurse
- CHN - Certified Nephrology Professional
- CMSRN - Certified Medical Surgical Registered Nurse
- CNN - Certified Nephrology Nurse
- CNOR - Certified Nurse Operating Room
- CPAN - Certified Post Anesthesia Nurse
The most common certifications for Travel Nurses are CPN (Certified Pediatric Nurse), CCRN (Certified Critical Care Nurse), and CEN (Certified Emergency Nurse). See below for additional information about these three certifications
The Board of Certification of Emergency Nursing offers the Certified Emergency Nurse (CEN) for nurses specializing in emergency medicine. In comparison to other certifications the CEN examination has fewer eligibility requirements. There are currently more than 34,000 Certified Emergency Nurses.
According to their website, to be eligible to sit for the CEN examination, candidates must meet the following requirements:
- An unencumbered nursing license in the United States
- Two years of ER experience is recommended, but not required
The exam is offered at computer testing sites throughout the country and the certification is valid for four years. The fee for the exam is $230.
The American Association of Critical Care Nurses (ANCC) offers the Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCRN) national certification. Three exams are offered - adult, pediatrics, and neonatal. All exams follow similar eligibility criteria and examination guidelines. The difference is in the examination material.
In order to sit for the examination, the individual must meet the following criteria:
- Current, unencumbered U.S. RN or APRN license
- Practice as an RN or APRN for 1,750 hours in direct care of acutely/critically ill adult patients during the previous two years, with 875 of those hours accrued in the most recent year preceding application OR
- Practice as an RN or APRN for at least five years with a minimum of 2,000 hours in direct care of acutely/critically ill adult patients, with 144 of those hours accrued in the most recent year preceding application
The above is for those applying for the adult certification. Individuals interested in the pediatrics or neonatal certifications will need to have direct care time in those fields. AACN members will pay $235 for the exam while non-members will pay $340. Recertification is done by either examination or CERPs and a nominal fee.
The Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB) offers the Certified Pediatric Nursing (CPN) certification. According to their website, more than 25,000 nurses currently hold a CPN certification. In order to apply, individuals must meet the following criteria,
- Current, valid, unrestricted, and unencumbered Registered Nurse license
- A minimum of 1800 hours of pediatric clinical experience completed within the past 24 months as an RN, or
- A minimum of 5 years as an RN in pediatric nursing and 3,000 hours in pediatric nursing within the last 5 years with a minimum of 1000 hours within the past 24 months
The cost of the examination is $295 with a $100 non-refundable registration fee. In order to recertify, individuals must maintain 15 PNCB approved contact hours.
Part Six What are the CEU requirements for travel nurses?
Travel nurses do not have specific requirements beyond state-mandated continuing education. It is important for nurses to remember that they are required to fulfill ALL requirements in which licenses are held including monetary fees. CEUs generally can be used for multiple states; however, some states require specific courses such as Child Abuse, Communicable Diseases, and Bullying in the Workplace. Additionally, states require a different number of CEUs for recertification. All travel nurses are required to maintain an active RN license. Most continue to maintain all active licenses in case they want to work in the state again.
Examples of continuing education requirements for RNs are as follows:
- Arkansas - 15 contact hours every 2 years
- Illinois - 20 contact hours every 2 years
- Florida - 24 contact hours every 2 years
- Iowa - 36 hours every 2 years
- Pennsylvania - 30 contact hours every 2 years
Some states do not require CEUs to maintain an RN license. Examples include Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, and Indiana. Several states also require HIV/AIDS education such as New York, Minnesota, and Kentucky. It is important for nurses to check their state’s RN credentialing body for exact CEU requirements.