Nurse Practitioner Salaries by State

4 Min Read Published November 14, 2023
Nurse Practitioner Salary by State |

Nurse Practitioners (NPs) earn an average annual salary of $121,610, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. But how much they make is really dependent on the state they work in. This article will show you the average nurse practitioner salary by state, and tell you how you can earn the highest possible salary no matter what state you work in. 

Nurse Practitioner Salaries by State

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $106,610
Alaska $116,390
Arizona $121,410
Arkansas $107,110
California $158,130
Colorado $116,440
Connecticut $131,490
Delaware $120,570
District of Columbia $131,270
Florida $110,310
Georgia $115,440
Hawaii $128,310
Idaho $117,720
Illinois $122,310
Indiana $121,730
Iowa $128,180
Kansas $111,670
Kentucky $109,290
Louisiana $118,210
Maine $118,300
Maryland $119,650
Massachusetts $138,700
Michigan $113,780
Minnesota $128,160
Mississippi $117,260
Missouri $113,180
Montana $119,960
Nebraska $118,970
Nevada $136,230
New Hampshire $125,780
New Jersey $143,250
New Mexico $129,560
New York -
North Carolina $114,450
North Dakota $113,940
Ohio $117,440
Oklahoma $121,740
Oregon $136,250
Pennsylvania $120,550
Rhode Island $125,250
South Carolina $109,130
South Dakota $115,610
Tennessee $99,330
Texas $124,660
Utah $115,610
Vermont $116,610
Virginia $116,980
Washington $135,590
West Virginia $106,790
Wisconsin $121,210
Wyoming $115,230

Source: BLS, Data extracted September 19, 2023

Highest-Paying States for Nurse Practitioners

If you want to make the most money as a nurse practitioner, these are the states you’ll want to work in. Keep in mind that often, the highest-paying states also come with a higher cost of living. 

  1. California - $158,130 per year
  2. New Jersey - $143,250
  3. Massachusetts - $138,700
  4. Oregon - $136,250
  5. Nevada - $136,230

Lowest-Paying States for Nurse Practitioners

Even in the lowest-paying states, with the exception of Puerto Rico, NPs can still make close to, or above, six figures. The five lowest-paying states for NPs are:

  • South Carolina - $109,130
  • Arkansas - $107,110
  • West Virginia - $106,790
  • Alabama - $106,610 / year
  • Tennessee - $99,330 / year

Source: BLS

Factors That Impact Nurse Practitioner Salaries

Many things can impact your salary as a nurse practitioner, like years of experience, the company you work for, or your NP specialty. But the most significant factor is location.

Southern states such as Florida, Georgia, and Alabama pay much less than West Coast and New England states. In some cases, the difference is over $40,000.

But there are a lot of ways to increase your salary, especially in states with below-average NP salaries. 

Increase Your Education

Education level matters when it comes to earning a higher salary. Nurse practitioners with a doctorate often make more than those with a master’s degree.

>> Show Me DNP Programs

Become a Travel NP

You may have thought that travel nursing excludes nurse practitioners, but that’s not true! Not only is travel nursing a great way to explore different parts of the country and offer rich learning experiences, but it can offer a higher income for NPs as well. 

Career Nurse Practitioners

Career NPs are full or part-time staff employed by a facility and typically earn a higher per-hour rate for each year they work. Career NPs usually also have a generous benefits package which may include:

  • Retirement benefits

  • Health insurance

  • Paid vacation

  • Professional liability insurance 

  • Retirement planning 

  • Reimbursement for licensure renewal and certification

Per Diem NPs

Per diem NPs usually earn a higher per-hour rate for their work flexibility. However, most facilities that employ per diem NPs typically don’t offer any additional benefits, and if they do, they include much less than career nurses receive.

One of the main benefits of working per diem as a nurse practitioner includes choosing your work schedule. This may work well for per diem NPs who also work at another hospital. 


Nurses who work overtime are entitled to increased pay for their additional work hours. In most cases, this means working over 40 hours a week. 

The Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires that all “non-exempt” employees receive overtime pay equal to one-and-one-half times their regular pay rate for every hour over 40 hours worked during a work week. This usually includes career NPs who are not working on a per diem or contract basis.


Most NPs do not receive bonuses. However, some facilities may offer a sign-on bonus as an incentive to take a position at a new facility. Bonuses may range from several hundred dollars to several thousand dollars.

Shift differential

NPs may have an opportunity to earn more income without increasing the number of hours they work. A shift differential means making more per-hour pay for working nights, weekends, or holidays.

Hazard Pay

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, hazard pay means “additional pay for performing hazardous duty or work involving physical hardship.” It may also include work duty that causes “extreme physical discomfort and distress.” 

Some areas are suffering from lack of practitioners and with an increasing number of hospitalized patients, may still be able to receive hazard pay. 

FAQs Nurse Practitioner Salaries

  • What state has the highest NP salary?

    • According to the BLS, Nurse Practitioners in California earn the highest salary. Their average salary is $158,130 per year. 
  • What type of NP gets paid the most?

    • According to, psychiatric NPs have the highest average annual salary of $115,262 per year. 
  • Do nurse practitioners make 6 figures?

    • Yes! According to the BLS, NPs make 6 figures in every state with the exception of Tennessee. In fact, the national average for NPs is $121,610 per the BLS. 


Kathleen Gaines
Kathleen Gaines
News and Education Editor

Kathleen Gaines (nee Colduvell) is a nationally published writer turned Pediatric ICU nurse from Philadelphia with over 13 years of ICU experience. She has an extensive ICU background having formerly worked in the CICU and NICU at several major hospitals in the Philadelphia region. After earning her MSN in Education from Loyola University of New Orleans, she currently also teaches for several prominent Universities making sure the next generation is ready for the bedside. As a certified breastfeeding counselor and trauma certified nurse, she is always ready for the next nursing challenge.

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